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NIS Explains Importance, Difference Between Passport, Visa.

The Nigeria Immigration Service has declared that every traveler apart from citizens of countries with which Nigeria has Visa abolition and  travel waivers, must come to Nigeria or enter with a valid travel document and a prerequisite visa corresponding with the purpose of such journey without which entry may be refused.

The service also stated that same is applicable to a Nigerian traveling out of Nigeria, if to a country with which Nigeria has Visa abolition or waiver they can travel on the condition stipulated for the abolition or waiver.

It maintained that in the absence of the above, they must obtain specific visa for such journey valid for entry to the country they are traveling to and for the purpose of the journey to avoid refusal of departure by Nigeria Immigration officials and subsequent refusal of entry or admission to a country outside Nigeria should they use non-conventional means to travel out of Nigeria.

The National Public Relations Officer of the Service, Sunday James, a Deputy Comptroller made the enlightenment in a statement to journalists.

He explained that the passport and visa are two different documents, James explained  that the passport remains a travel document, while the visa is a permit authorizing entry into another country, unless for a country where there is visa abolition or waiver that is agreed upon by the countries concerned.

James stressed that the Nigeria Immigration Service Public Education and Enlightenment activity entails dissemination of vital information that will help the public to understand what constitutes an Immigration offense and other abuses as well as compliance with set laws when a person  holds a valid  passport with the intention of traveling to another country with or without a visa on the passport for entry into the host/destination/transit country as the case may be,what are the conditions  to be considered, agreements, MOUs,Conventions among others.

The NIS PRO emphasized that these and many other fundamentals are responsible for how countries operate their Immigration laws, it is sometimes reciprocal, adding that “at other times as agreed in conventions or laws, as signed in an MOU, and  as desire by the government of a country due to prevailing circumstances and other compelling factors”.

While explaining on visa agreement, he said,  ” Some countries have visa abolition agreements with each other either, as a regional government such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) where citizens from member states can enter each others territory without visa but with a valid travel document, valid travel document is as agreed upon both in specification and interpretation by the Community members”.

James also clarified the difference between Schengen and other visas, explained that the Schengen system refers to the European Union (EU) passport free zone that covers most of the European countries.

”It’s the largest free travel area in the world. The Schengen visa is the most common visa for Europe. It is a short-stay visa that allows a person to travel to any members of the Schengen Area for a stay up to 90 days for tourism and business purposes. It enables its holder to enter, freely travel within, and leave the Schengen zone from any of the Schengen member countries. There are no border controls within the Schengen Zone.

However, if you are planning to study, work, or live in one of the Schengen countries for more than 90 days, then you must apply for a national visa of that European country and not a Schengen Visa. These are few examples of countries operating visa free movement on agreed basis”, he noted.

James informed that the Nigerian Immigration Service operates by Immigration Act 2015, Immigration Regulation 2017, other by laws, agreements, MOUs, Conventions and standards-based operations ICAO, IOM, among others.